What the world needs to watch

Global warming is mainly the result of CO2 levels rising in the Earth’s atmosphere. Both atmospheric CO2 and climate change are accelerating. Climate scientists say we have years, not decades, to stabilize CO2 and other greenhouse gases.

To help the world succeed, CO2Now.org makes it easy to see the most current CO2 level and what it means. So, use this site and keep an eye on CO2. Invite others to do the same. Then we can do more to send CO2 in the right direction.

Watch CO2 now and know the score on global warming, practically in real time.
 

Nano Energy AirBoom (USD58.00 /pc)  
Nano Energy Twister (USD68.00 /pc)
 

Think before you litter....
how long our act of foolishness will remain on earth.


HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO DECOMPOSE?
 
Banana Peel- 3-4 weeks
Orange peels- 6 months
Apple Core- 2 months / 苹果芯2个月
Paper Bag- 1 month / 纸袋,1个月
Cardboard- 2 months / 纸板- 2个月
Milk Cartons- 5 years / 牛奶盒,5年
Newspaper- 6 weeks / 报纸6周
Paper Towel- 2-4 weeks / 纸毛巾2-4周
Cotton Glove- 3 months / 棉手套,3个月
Tinned Steel Can- 50 years / 镀锡钢灿50年
Aluminum Can- 200-500 years / 铝灿200-500年
Disposable Diapers- 550 years / 一次性尿布,五百五十〇年
Plastic Bags- 20-1000 years / 塑料袋- 20〜1000年
Glass- 1-2 million years / 玻璃1-2万年
Cigarette Butts- 10-12 years / 烟蒂,10-12年
Leather shoes- 25-40 years / 皮革鞋25-40年
Rubber-Boot Sole- 50-80 years / 橡胶靴独资50-80年
Plastic containers- 50-80 years / 塑料容器,50-80年
Monofilament Fishing Line- 600 years / 单丝鱼线600年
Foamed Plastic Cups- 50 years / 发泡塑料杯,50年
Wool Sock- 1-5 years / 羊毛袜子1-5年
Plywood- 1-3 years / 胶合板,1-3年
Plastic Bottles- 450 years /  橘皮- 6个月塑料瓶,450年

 
科学证明, 升2度C的温度将让地球被毁灭從.
1度C到6度C
英國作家萊納斯(Mark Lynas)閱讀了上千篇科學論文,走訪多位氣候和環境專家,以兩年時間,寫出《六度的變化》(Six Degrees)一書。 書中預測地球每升溫1度C,會帶來的後果;當升溫6度C,就是人類滅亡的臨界點。

升高1度C:
農業地帶會沙漠化,沙塵暴覆蓋城市;三分之一地表的淡水(河流和湖泊)會干涸;低窪的海岸地區將被淹沒;北極熊、海象和海豹絕跡。

升高2度C:
歐洲的夏天,像撒哈拉沙漠般火熱,人們死於熱浪;大火燒毀大量森林;格陵蘭冰原徹底消融,全球海平面升高7米;地球上有三分之一的物種面臨死亡威脅。

升高3度C:
亞馬遜森林死亡;超級颱風將肆虐沿海的城市;紐約市已經泡在水裡;印度次大陸和非洲發生大饑荒。

升高4度C:
永凍土解凍,雪水讓全球暖化加速;英國的大部份地區因為嚴重淹水無法住人;人類被迫遷出地中海區;全球爆發糧食危機。

升高5度C:
海底下的海床釋出的甲烷加速暖化;南北極的冰層融化;雨林已經燒光、變成沙漠;人類為了尋找食物開始大遷徙,過著動物一樣的生活。

升高6度C:
連北極也沒有冰了;歐洲是一片沙漠;地球大部份地區已經不適合人類居住;沿海城市成為廢墟。

超過6度C:
暖化完全失控,任何努力都是徒勞了;超級暴風雨、洪水、硫化氫氣體、以及甲烷火球摧毀地球;人類滅亡,地球只有黴菌能夠存活;地球回到1億5000萬年前恐龍滅絕的年代
 
Current CO2 level in the atmosphere

GLOBAL WARMING: The Rise of CO2 & Warming
The Earth has been warming since 1910, with a temperature maximum reached in the 1990’s. (The year 2001 is now the second warmest year on record, according to the World Meteorological Organization.)

The scientific conclusion reached is that warming is real.

But is this warming man-made? Carbon dioxide has been rising since the time of James Watt (1736 – 1819), inventor of the auto-controlled steam engine that helped jump-start the industrial revolution. Since then, coal, oil and natural gas have powered our economies.
 

The time series shows the combined global land and marine surface temperature record from 1856 to 2001. Data from Jones et al., 1998; and from the Climate Research Unit at the University of East Anglia (www.cru.uea.ac.uk; compilation by Phil Jones).

Hydro-power and nuclear power are comparatively minor contributors to energy needs (excepting certain countries such as Norway and France).

Today the amount of carbon dumped globally into the atmosphere corresponds, on average, to one ton per person on the planet, each year. In the United States, carbon-based energy is especially important. The average American per capita emission is 5 tons of carbon annually. In Sweden (with a similar standard of living as the US) the carbon output is less than two tons of carbon per person per year.

 


James Tyndall (Courtesy: NASA)

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas – it traps heat radiation that is attempting to escape from Earth. The physics of this process was established by the Irish physicist John Tyndall (1820 – 1891) and the effect was calculated by Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius (1859 – 1927).

The basic argument (that is, that greenhouse gases keep the Earth comfortably warm) has never been challenged, and it follows that an increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere undoubtedly produces a rise in temperature at ground level.

More information on the
greenhouse effect.

Given this background, we next need to ask:

How much of the observed warming in this last century can be ascribed to the observed loading of the atmosphere with greenhouse gases by human activities?

First, we turn to the reconstruction of the rise of carbon dioxide since the time of James Watt. The early part of the series is derived from extracting air in polar ice, and measuring its carbon dioxide content. The later part is based on the measurements of Charles D. Keeling, since 1957, on Mauna Loa.

The overall rise is from just below 280 ppm (the “pre-industrial” value) to the present values above 360 ppm, an increase of a factor of 1.3. The logarithm of 1.3 is 0.11, that of 2 is 0.30. Thus, we are a little more than one third of the way to a doubling of carbon dioxide, on a log scale. If doubling of carbon dioxide produces a temperature rise of between 1.5 and 5 degrees Celsius (as found in numerical experiments using climate models), we should see a warming of between 0.5 and 1.7 degrees Celsius. We do see the lower number of this range, but this does not prove that the rise upon doubling of carbon dioxide is in fact 1.5 degrees. The reason is that we are in a “transient”, that is, the change is too fast to allow equilibrium to establish itself.


Svante Arrhenius
(Courtesy:
www.nobel.se)

 


Graph showing rise of CO2, from measurements in ice cores (Siple, Antarctica) and measurements from Mauna Loa, Hawaii (Keeling curve) since James Watt, inventor of the steam engine. (Pre-1990 data in: B. Moore & D. Schimel, 1992. Trace Gases and the Biosphere. UCAR, Boulder CO)

In fact, the answer is not known with a high degree of certainty, not only because of the lack-of-equlibrium problem (which involves uptake of heat by the ocean), but also because of additional complexities arising from air pollution, trace gases other than carbon dioxide, possible changes in the brightness of the Sun, and effects from volcanic activity.

Thus, in answer to the above question: Estimates vary from “little” to “much” to “most”, with the latter answer being the more credible one.

One way to obtain a quick estimate answer is by doing some simple calculations, based on the work of Svante Arrhenius, assuming a 2 degree Celsius rise in temperature per doubling of carbon dioxide (Arrhenius proposed a somewhat greater effect, neglecting compensating factors). The result is the graph below, showing that CO2 forcing can explain the temperature rise. That said, there may also be a role for the Sun in modifying the temperature rise driven by greenhouse gases. The minor drops in temperature right after 1900 and after 1960 coincide with reduced solar activity. To be sure, while this simple calculation may be enough to explain the observations, it is not a mathematical proof that the warming that has occurred since the days of James Watt is entirely due to human activity. It merely represents the simplest possible explanation.

 

Another way of stating the situation is this:

There is no compelling evidence that the observed overall warming in the 20th Century is anything but man-made.

The burden of proof is on those who would have us think that natural causes are solely or mainly responsible for this trend.

Of course, showing that the observed warming entirely agrees with reasonable expectations for the rise in carbon dioxide does not exclude the possibility that some of this warming would have occurred anyway, without human help. But the warming of the past 30 years, from 1970 to the present, is unexplainable by any known natural cause. In any case, considerable further warming is very likely if emissions continue as in the past.

We know that CO2 causes warming. We do not know the likely rate within a factor of three. Ignorance is not a good basis for dealing with risk.

Graph showing that the observed temperature rise can easily result from the observed rise of CO2 , based on simple numerical experiment. (Smoothed temperature data in Jones et al., 1998; CO2 forcing data from CO2 history, and calculated expected rise in temperature assuming 2 degree Celsius rise for CO2 doubling; sunspot abundance from J.Lean, NASA)

 

 

Global warming - what is it?

Global Warming 

Global warming describes the gradual increase in the earth's temperature. This temperature rise is believed to be human-induced:

The layer of CO2 emissions in our atmosphere reflects the sun's rays back down to the earth. This is a natural temperature-regulating mechanism which makes the earth inhabitable. The CO2 layer is made up of different greenhouse gases, e.g. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Methane (CH4). 

Over billions of years, the earth has stored enormous volumes of carbon in stores underground. Humans have extracted, burned, and thus emitted these vast quantities of carbon (in the form of CO2) into the atmosphere within only a very short period of time. This has led to an increased concentration of CO2 in the earth’s atmosphere which resulted in greater solar radiation to be trapped by the CO2 layer. More sun rays are now reflected back to the earth. This has notably increased the earth’s temperature. We refer to this phenomenon as global warming.

Global warming caused by increased CO2 concentration has an alarming impact on the earth's fragile environment. Droughts throughout the world are causing crop failures. Wildfires now burn with far greater rage. Melting ice caps and glaciers are causing floods. Sea levels are rising. Warm unseasonable winters are threatening fragile eco-systems and throwing the migratory patterns of species out of balance.

As humans we have become so reliant on fossil fuels that nearly everything we do generates CO2 emissions; from our modern farming practices to transport, to the electricity used to turn on a light, boil water in a kettle or cook our meals.

Global warming is no longer a theory; it is an obvious fact we are confronted with every day, and the only way we can prevent it is to
take action now.

About The Carbon Reduction Institute

At the Carbon Reduction Institute, we assess the global warming impact caused by an organisation's CO2 output, and research ways to reduce and offset this impact. We believe that global warming is the most pressing issue for human survival as we know it. Therefore our main aim is to reduce the CO2 impact humans are having on global warming and to create new and inventive ways for organisations to benefit from reducing their CO2 emissions.

Act now against global warming

Contrary to common belief, we can stop global warming and it is still relatively cheap and easy to do. Studies such as the Stern Review have shown that immediate action against global warming will cost businesses only between 0.5 to 1% of revenue. This cost will certainly increase and the damage might be irreversible if we delay action further.

We encourage and support business action against global warming.
The Carbon Reduction Institute offers a unique NoCO2 business certification program which allows a business to reduce its CO2 emissions and become carbon neutral. Please visit our certification pages for further information.

Individuals and businesses can take immediate action against global warming with the
Carbon Reduction Institute. We recommend three steps to reduce your CO2 impact on global warming to effectively zero:

Energy efficiency, renewable energy and carbon footprint analysis
Behavioural changes (minimising waste, reduced travel etc.)
Offsetting any remaining emissions

Offsetting CO2 emissions is a process whereby an organisation or individual purchases carbon credits to neutralise its impact on global warming. Each carbon credit represents the abatement or sequestration of one tonne of CO2 from our atmosphere.

You can take action against global warming today and
offset your personal CO2 emissions with the Carbon Reduction Institute

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Ways To Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Transport
AirBoom (Product Patent No: 200930168874-8)

With nano energy level more than 6000 CPM & negative Ions of 3500, AirBoom will immediately change the AIR and WATER molecules in split second.

Function Principle:
Air-Boom super power elements is catalyzed by making use of natural energy, when the photon was activated by the spontaneity lights which from the atomic nucleons, the elements was electro-analysis, so that making molecules more existing and slighting. Then that caused photoelectric effect to change the frame of Ion. Today, it was wildly used in many industries. And this technology was significant when we used it with our cars.

Product Feature:
In the subtropical and marine climate, the wet air would be caused incomplete firing; the sticky of gasoline was lightly, so that should be made a high burning temperature of the car engine. Air-Boom energy chip can make the air elements get more existing and slighting, and then transferred air into times-hydrogen to get into the air filter, and it can improve the engine’s burning combustion. In addition, the adequate of hydrogen and oxygen can help refill the vacuity filling getting more acutely. Gasoline and air have a perfect corporation between each other, through the faster mixed both of them, which reduced the temperature of the engine power, and improved the working efficiency. Therefore, engine found the power back again which lost before. It is a smooth operation when you just stepped the throttle lightly.

This technology protected the engine far away from the wastage, extension the life of engine. The most important is, that would be save much more money which ever been spent on gasoline and maintenance.

 
Easy to do DIY installation, No modification of the origin design.
To reduce the NOX & CO emissions and save fuel consumption.
To increase in torque and horsepower and reduce the engine carbon deposition.
The engine become more powerful, smooth and stable.
Better acceleration especially for climbing and overtaking.
0-100km RPM acceleration respond is much faster than the original.
Increase in torque and horsepower to enhance middle stage speed up more powerful.

 

Installation Guide  
Before Installation
1. Please remove the air filter.
2. Place the Airboom onto inner flat surface.
    (this might varies from different model)
After Installation
1. Replace the air filter to the original position.
2. Installation completed.
 
 
NanoTwister

The basic concept of the internal combustion engine

Engine operation, the air entering the intake manifold and exhaust nozzle atomization of a mixture of gasoline mixed oil and gas, in the intake valves to the combustion chamber under the control, compressed issued by the spark plug sparks lit explosion, and then push the piston and generate power, burning a mixture of oil and gas after the exhaust valve and then sent by the exhaust pipe emissions into the atmosphere.



 

Gas pipe

Shower Pipe

Fuel and Air-cond Pipe



How to make the engine life expectancy:

If gasoline almost complete combustion, the engine to reduce the number of carbon deposition on the relative and thus reduce the carbon content of oil, then oil will be pure, crankshaft piston and cylinder wall to reduce friction between, making the engine temperature is not caused by over-temperature metamorphism gasoline to extend the oil and engine life, relative to the increase in horsepower, engine running smoother and accelerate more smoothly and no longer need to spend to buy expensive high-priced oil, on weekdays only to maintain "intake valve throat" of cleaner and more may be growth engines for the use of life.

Increased horsepower reasons: the original engine design - 150
100 percent of gasoline injected into the engine room, the burning rate of 80 percent - the actual horsepower = 150 * 0.80 = 120
100 percent of gasoline injected into the engine room, the burning rate of 95 percent - the actual horsepower = 150 * 0.95 = 142

Learn knock (Knocking)
Inside the cylinder combustion process, such as flame propagation rate of occurrence of the phenomenon of spontaneous combustion, the combustion chamber in which the pressure waves generated relative, when the pressure wave and the combustion chamber around a few collisions, so that the cylinder wall vibration, which caused similar percussion Block's voice, such a phenomenon is known as [knock].

 
Nano Energy AirBoom (USD58.00 /pc)  
Nano Energy Twister (USD68.00 /pc)
 
 
 
 
Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister Dyno Test for N16
We test this product with Dyno Test and get the performance add horse power immediately .This product can proven increase your car horse power immediately with no risk.After install this two product we can get immediately increase 6 horse power and also torque performance.
     

 
Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister for Honda Accord 08
We test it to Chevrolet SUV Diesel and get reduce Black Smoke immediately .Then the performance also can feel it on time.

Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister for Toyota Harrier 2.4 06
This AirBoom product fix at Toyota Harrier 2.4 06 model also can feel power immediately . The AirBoom Air is fix inside air filter box .

 

 
Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister Chevrolet SUV Diesel
We test it to Chevrolet SUV Diesel and get reduce Black Smoke immediately .Then the performance also can feel it on time.
 

 

 
Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister for Myvi
AirBoom use in Myvi car and feel the performance.
 

 

 
Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister for Nissan
This AirBoom Test on Nissan Sentra and get very good performance result.
 

 

 
 
Nano AirBoom & Nano Twister for Diesel Lorry
Nano-Powerz for Diesel engine is good for reduce engine smoke and can feel more power immediately .
 
 
 

Korea Far Infrared Association
Certificate of Testing Result

 
 

AirBoom dyno test & installation

Emission Test
Airboom reduce C0, Hz, C02 & increased o2 Lambda, AFR.

Environmentally Friendly


Read More


 
 

DynoTest on Horse Power

Red - Without Air-boom
Blue -
With Air-Boom
Green -
With Two Air-Boom

 
 
Air-Boom Tested on Toyota Vois, proven air flow increase 10% from 2.25 to 2.48 gm/s
Before 2.25 gm/s After 2.48 gm/s
Describtion Before AirBoom After AirBoom Result
Injector 2.9 ms 3.2 ms 0.3 ms
1 GN Advance 5.5 º 5.0 º 0.5 º
1 AC Duty Ratio 41.1% 42.6% 1.5%
Calculat.Load Value 21.7% 23.3% 1.6%
Mass Air Flow 2.25 gm/s

2.48 gm/s

0.23 gm/s
Engine Speed 710.0 rpm 700.7 rpm 9.3 rpm
Coolant Temp 83 º C 83 º C NIL
Intake Air 56 º C 53 º C 3 º C
 
Nano Energy AirBoom (USD58.00 /pc)  
Nano Energy Twister (USD68.00 /pc)